Last year, pornography became a hot topic in the United Kingdom following the rules UK Prime Minister David Cameron and the government intend to set out. By December 1 this year, the government has launched its Audiovisual Media Services Regulations 2014. The new regulations had introduced a series of restrictions in the pornographic material produced and sold in the country.
The new regulations include large censorship in the industry. It banned a list of sex acts towards mainstream content. Sex acts with a high premium based on a paid-for-video-on demand (VoD) online porn include BDSM, spanking and hard-core pornography.
VoD pornography online is regulated by the same guidelines used by the British Board of Film Censors and the rules R-18 movies in the country adhere to.
Full bondage, retraint, gagging, and female ejaculation are all banned from mainstream online content. Abusive language has also been banned, along with simulated rape or any form of non-consensual sexual activities. Urinating is only acceptable in pornography if the urine is not consumed by another person.
The law changes would definitely affect independent UK producers who provide content for LGBTs, BDSM and female-dominatrix pornography. Pain play and ‘trampling’, now subject to regulations, as well as female ejaculation, will push away these producers from the country.
According to the pornographic industry, the bans will impose an unnecessary trade barrier for independent UK producers. Many have shut down their production because of the new laws. It could also implicate new matters on internet freedom as it is clearly a move towards blocking access to some foreign websites.
The export of goods and services from the United Kingdom to the world is not just through the manufacturing sector; we also extend our legal services, which are of high standard as I have always recalled, to other countries. Our biggest market is Europe. However, as other law industries in different countries continue to improve, in a few years, the UK might just be in hindsight compared to other legal industries worldwide.
According to Law Society Deputy Vice President Robert Bourns, the UK’s legal system has nothing wrong, but the government needs encouraging to protect the industry from losing the legal arms race worldwide. He iterated the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership with the United States and the Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement with Canada. Both of these agreements prevent UK services, including legal services, from reaching the two countries.
Bourns also points at the UK’s impending decision to leave the European Union. I should admit, I would like to stay away from the EU if it would help our government have more autonomy in governance. However, Bourns said if we leave the EU, we risk losing our EU clients. In my opinion, I think this is a small loss; they’ve seen how we are with law in the United Kingdom. We protect our people. I know that for a fact.
Meanwhile, it is highly important that we review all other agreements we have with other countries to ensure we can have the same opportunity to reach the global market of legal industries, which would help the UK remain as the top provider of legal services worldwide.
Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg demanded that all arms export licences to Israel be suspended after the resignation of Foreign Office Minister Sayeeda Warsi. Obviously, we see here the clear stance UK politicians are taking against the Israel’s offensive against Gaza. I believe that without the licences, human rights can prevail.
It is a matter of profit versus human rights for the United Kingdom in removing some of the export licences. Despite encouragement from the UK government, some licences remained from UK Private Arms Manufacturers and Israel.
The UK cannot ignore that Israel had broken many humanitarian and wartime laws concerning the fighting against Gaza. Israel had bombed several UN declared safezones inside Gaza. Clegg is right in saying that the Israeli Defence Forces are overstepping their mark in Gaza.
The law is to be followed by anyone, but it is understandable that the Hamas follow no international constitution and law regarding the conventions of warfare. Israel has deemed the militant group as terrorists, along with the rest of the world, and probably they think the best way to put them down is to also not abide by the rules.
In any case, the arms delay should help reduce human casualties and the firepower of Israel against Gaza, which can prolong the ceasefire as it reduces the possible instance of breaking the agreement.
The oldest profession in the world takes another hit in Canada as its Conservative government had declared prostitution illegal, and buying and selling it in public where there are minors will be considered violations. Critics agree with how I view it: it will only make prostitutes more vulnerable.
For many times, the Canadian High Court had slammed every anti-prostitution law that had been passed the previous year. However, this time, the High Court had agreed to the law, which will help protect prostitutes from “Pimps” and “Perverts.”
The law also bans advertising the services through print media and the internet.
Prostitution is acceptable simply because another individual has accepted her responsibility as a sexual worker. However, traditional moral beliefs often get in the way of protecting these women. Instead, religion and morals push them away from having protection from the government.
Canada will now consider it a crime for anyone who peddles, does and buys prostitution. However, the law does not completely protect those with expertise which are not in the mainstream field.
The Canadian Alliance for Sex Work Law Reform also considers the new law to be a great let down of all Canadian sex workers. They predicted it will still end up in the high court again in a few years.
According to Chancellor George Osborne, the Financial Transactions Tax, or FTT, is not a tax against bankers, but it will affect pensions, business, loans and almost everything in the United Kingdom’s eager economic development. Osborne said the FTT has vague details, which may overturn many different UK industries.
Sweden had also voiced out its concerns along with the UK because it is unclear which derivatives will be affected by the tax. According to Sweden, the FTT did not disclose where the tax would be paid. The vagueness of the FTT even stretches to allow a non-FTT state to collect revenue on behalf of a participating FTT.
The UK government’s legal challenge was rejected by the EU courts, which brought more fury from Osborne. The Chancellor said that there was a lack of transparency in the development of the new levy. The FTT clearly failed to inform other member states about the proposal.
Osborne went on to say that they were only given “five minutes” to read the proposal.
EU’s Taxation Commissioner Algirdas Semeta said that the refusal of UK’s legal challenge by the European courts will help pave the way for the FTT’s adoption in the EU and he added the proposal does not violate territory rules.
I’ve been around the Internet for a while and I’ve found myself very interested in the future of the network and its new dominant currency, the Bitcoin. Bitcoins could exchange from $700-1000 during the next few weeks as you read this post. However, its high volatility makes it something investors are worried and excited about at the same time.
However, let’s talk about money. Money only has power if people make use of it and adhere to its value. When people do not recognize the value of money, the financial system collapses. Any sort of currency is legal as long as it promotes fair trade, competition and is regulated by law.
All currencies are government-regulated and issued. This means that the government has some control over the inflation of money by means of estimating the amount of money the mint prints.
Why bitcoin is not recognized by many governments or is even considered illegal and highly risky, is not just because of its high volatility, but its capability to hide transactions. Bitcoins could hide transactions into encrypted codes, which make them untraceable even if the bitcoin network records each and every transaction made by Internet users.
The government enforces the laws agreed upon by society for one another, and if these laws do not apply to bitcoin, which is a decentralized currency, regardless of any official statement, it is already considered an illegal form of currency.
Laws differ depending on your category in industry and every proprietor must know these laws to avoid possible violations. Laws ensure that consumers get the right quality products and services they pay for and to avoid fraud from existing businesses. It also ensures proper ethics with the competition.
1. Health and Safety Laws
Most countries have health and safety laws for all businesses. However, these laws vary depending on the nature of work. For example, in construction companies, health and safety laws greatly affect their employees and their clients. The use of asbestos had its own unforeseen consequences, and health and safety laws banned the use of the product to protect both contractors and clients.
2. Fair Competition
When in business, employing spies to gather information about a competitor’s new product or service is illegal under fair competition laws. Fair competition means that businesses are to compete with other business only in terms of improving product quality and optimising their business structures and integrity. Espionage could disrupt the balance of competition and may lead to deteriorating quality of products for consumers.
3. Tax Laws
All businesses have an obligation to the country to provide support for its betterment. Even if it provides job employment and consumer activity, which helps the country’s economy, it also has a responsibility to provide aid for government activities.